data protection [English]

Syndetic Relationships

InterPARES Definition

n. ~ European Union · Regulations and practices that control the collection, processing, access, and use of personal information.


  • Kurian 2013 (†576 s.v. data protection): Safeguards for personal data in a company’s files to prevent potential misuse, especially without permission. The protections conform to the privacy rights and laws in force, in that data are obtained fairly and lawfully and used only for specified and legal purposes; personal information is not disclosed or used in a manner inconsistent with the purpose behind its collection; it is not exploited excessively; it is accurate and up-to-date; it is kept no longer than necessary; it is protected against unauthorized and unlawful processing and against accidental loss or destruction; and it is not transferred to a foreign jurisdiction. Data subjects have the right to find out what information is held about them and to rectify, block, erase, and destroy data that are inaccurate and irrelevant, so as to prevent their disclosure or sale to third parties, and to be compensated for infringement of privacy rights. (†1092)
  • Law 2011 (†581 s.v. data protection): The safeguards that govern the storage and use of personal data held on computer systems and in paper-based filing systems. The growing use of computers to store information about individuals has led to the enactment of legislation in many countries designed to protect the privacy of individuals and prevent the disclosure of information to unauthorized persons. (†1135)
  • Privacy International 2015 (†889 ): Data protection is about safeguarding our fundamental right to privacy, which is enshrined in international and regional laws and conventions. . . . Data protection is commonly defined as the law designed to protect your personal information, which is collected, processed and stored by “automated” means or intended to be part of a filing system. (†2679)
  • UK Information Commissioner's Office 2014 (†696 ): The Data Protection Act controls how your personal information is used by organisations, businesses or the government. Everyone responsible for using data has to follow strict rules called ‘data protection principles’. They must make sure the information is: · used fairly and lawfully · used for limited, specifically stated purposes · used in a way that is adequate, relevant and not excessive · accurate · kept for no longer than is absolutely necessary · handled according to people’s data protection rights · kept safe and secure · not transferred outside the UK without adequate protection ¶ There is stronger legal protection for more sensitive information, such as: · ethnic background · political opinions · religious beliefs · health · sexual health · criminal records (†1584)
  • Wikipedia (†387 s.v. information privacy): Information privacy, or data privacy (or data protection), is the relationship between collection and dissemination of data, technology, the public expectation of privacy, and the legal and political issues surrounding them. (†1264)
  • Wikipedia (†387 s.v. data protection directive): The Data Protection Directive (officially Directive 95/46/EC on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data) is a European Union directive adopted in 1995 which regulates the processing of personal data within the European Union. It is an important component of EU privacy and human rights law. (†2680)