n. ~ Intellectual property · A right assigned to an author or inventory that grants exclusive use over the manufacture, use, or sale of works that are novel, useful, and not obvious.
- AJS 2012 (†421 60 Am Jur 2d Patents § 1): The Federal Constitution authorizes Congress to promote the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. The federal patent power stems from this provision, and Congress' patent authority, under such provision, is tied to the progress of the useful arts. Congress is thus constitutionally empowered to create, administer, and maintain a patent system, and within the limits of its constitutional grant, Congress may select the policy which in its judgment best effectuates the constitutional aim and may set out conditions and tests for patentability.
- Black's 9th 2009 (†382 s.v. patent): 1. The governmental grant of a right, privilege, or authority. 2. The official document so granting.
- SAA Glossary 2005 (†241 s.v. "patent"): n. ~ 1. A privilege, property, or authority granted to an individual by a government or sovereign. - 2. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY • The exclusive right to make, use, or sell an invention that is novel, useful, and not obvious. - 3. The record of such a grant or right. (Broader Term: intellectual property, Related Term: land grant)
- SAA Glossary 2005 (†241 ): n. ~ 1. A privilege, property, or authority granted to an individual by a government or sovereign. - 2. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY • The exclusive right to make, use, or sell an invention that is novel, useful, and not obvious. - 3. The record of such a grant or right. (Broader Term: intellectual property, Related Term: land grant)
- Wikipedia (†387 s.v. patent): A set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention. ...Patents are a form of intellectual property.
- Irwin Law (†378 s.v. "patent"): A term used here to denote a patent for invention, an exclusive right granted to work new inventions. It is sometimes called "letters patent," from the Latin litterae patentes ("open letters"), meaning that the royal seal was placed at the bottom of the document, making the document a public record open for all to see. The Patent Act still defines "patent" as "letters patent for an invention," being one species of the genus of letters patent, which at various times covered franchises, land grants, honours, and company incorporations. (†401)
- Kurian 2013 (†576 s.v. patent): Grant of an exclusive right to exploit an invention registered with the U.S. Patent Office or under appropriate intellectual property laws. (†1085)
- Law 2011 (†581 s.v. patent): A type of copyright granted as a fixed-term monopoly to an inventor by the state to prevent others copying an invention or improvement to a product or process. The granting of a patent requires the publication of full details of the invention or improvement. The use of the patented information is restricted to the patent holder or any organizations licensed by them. A patent's value is usually the sum of its development costs, or its purchase price if acquired from someone else. It is generally to a company's advantage to spread the patent's value over several years. If this is the case, the critical time period to consider is not the full life of the patent (17 years in the United States), but its estimated useful life. (†1123)
- Research Project 13 - Proposal (†377 1): The patent application and the patent grant (or letter patents) are dispositive acts that rely on formalization of language and textual appearance as well as of rules to build and reinforce our trust in them. Specific conditions must be met by a patent application to be successful: you must have an idea for an object or process that is considered useful and novel; you must describe your invention in some specialized way; you must be persuasive in your arguments; etc. The “truth” of these descriptions is tested and contestable through well-defined procedures. (†399)